Reading List

Below are recommended reading materials for those who are interested. Many can be purchased online through popular vendors, or follow the links for those with open access.

Alldays journal articles:

  • Walton, B. J., Findlay, L. J. and Hill, R. A. (2022) Camera traps and guard observations as an alternative to researcher observation for studying anthropogenic foraging. Ecology and Evolution, 12,(4). PDF
  • Findlay, L. J. and Hill, R. A. (2021) Baboon and vervet monkey crop-foraging behaviors on a commercial South African farm: preliminary implications for damage mitigation. Human-Wildlife Interactions, 14, (3).
  • Findlay, L. J. and Hill, R. A. (2021) Field guarding as a crop protection method: preliminary implications for improving field guarding. Human-Wildlife Interactions, 14, (3).
  • Walton, B. J., Findlay, L. J. and Hill, R. A. (2021) Insights into short-and long-term crop-foraging strategies in a chacma baboon (Papio ursinus) from GPS and accelerometer data. Ecology and Evolution, 11,(2). PDF

Journal articles:

  • Grey, Julia N. Chase, Sandra Bell, and Russell A. Hill. (2017) Leopard diets and landowner perceptions of human wildlife conflict in the Soutpansberg Mountains, South Africa. Journal for Nature Conservation 37: 56-65. PDF
  • Pitman, R.T, Fattebert, J., Williams, S.T., Williams, K.S, Hill, R.A, Hunter, L.T.B, Slotow, R. and Balme, G.A (2016) The Conservation Costs of Game Ranching. Conservation Letters, 9, (3). AbstractPDF
  • Pitman, R.T., Fattebert, J., Williams, S.T., Williams, K.S., Hill, R.A., Hunter, L.T., Robinson, H., Power, J., Swanepoel, L., Slotow, R. and Balme, G.A., (2016) Cats, connectivity and conservation: incorporating datasets and integrating scales for wildlife management. Journal of Applied EcologyPDF
  • Howlett, C. and Hill, R.A., (2016) Can zoo enclosures inform exclosure design for crop‐raiding primates? A preliminary assessment. African Journal of EcologyPDF
  • Nowak, K., Richards, S.A., le Roux, A. and Hill, R.A. (2016) Influence of live-capture on risk perceptions of habituated samango monkeys. Journal of Mammalogy,gyw083. AbstractPDF
  • Nowak, K., Hill, R.A., Wimberger, K. and le Roux, A. (2016) Risk-Taking in Samango Monkeys in Relation to Humans at Two Sites in South Africa. In Ethnoprimatology (pp. 301-314). Springer International Publishing. Abstract
  • Constant, N., Bell, S. and Hill, R.A. (2015) The impacts, characterisation and management of human–leopard conflict in a multi-use land system in South Africa. Biodiversity Conservation, 1-23.  Abstract and PDF.
  • Howlett, C., Setchell, J.M., Hill, R.A. & Barton, R.A. (2015) The 2D:4D ratio and social behaviour in wild female chacma baboons (Papio ursinus) in relation to dominance, aggression, affiliation, interest in infants and heritability. Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology 69: 61–74. AbstractPDF.
  • Nowak, K., le Roux, A., Richards, S.A., Scheijen, C. & Hill, R.A. (2014) Human observers modulate arboreal monkeys’ perceived landscape of fear. Behavioral Ecology 25 (5): 11991204. AbstractPDF. Supplementary information PDF.
  • Coleman, B.T. and Hill, R.A. (2014) Living in a landscape of fear: the impact of predation, resource availability and habitat structure on primate range use. Animal Behaviour 88, 165-173. AbstractPDF.
  • Chase Grey, J.N., Kent, V.T. and Hill, R.A. (2013) Evidence of a High Density Population of Harvested Leopards in a Montane Environment. PLoS ONE 8, e82832. AbstractPDF.
  • Emerson, S.E., Brown, J.S. and Linden, J.D. (2011) Identifying Skyes’ monkeys’, Cercopithecus albogularis erythrarchus, axes of fear through patch use. Animal Behaviour, 81: 455 – 462
  • Willems, E.P. & Hill, R.A. (2009) A critical assessment of two species distribution models taking vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops) as a case study. Journal of Biogeography 36: 2300-2312. AbstractPDF.
  • Willems, E.P., Barton, R.A. & Hill, R.A. (2009) Remotely sensed productivity, home range selection and local range use by an omnivorous primate. Behavioral Ecology, 20: 985-992. AbstractPDF.
  • Willems, E.P. & Hill, R.A. (2009) Predator-specific landscapes of fear and resource distribution: effects on spatial range use. Ecology, 90: 546-555. AbstractPDF.


  • Findlay, L., (2016) Human-primate conflict: An interdisciplinary evaluation of wildlife crop raiding on commercial crop farms in Limpopo Province, South Africa. PhD Thesis. Department of Anthropology. Durham University: England.
  • Constant, N.L (2014) A social-ecological approach to understanding conflict between humans and leopards: implications for leopard conservation and community livelihoods. PhD Thesis, Durham University. AbstractPDF.
  • Coleman, B.T. (2013) Spatial and temporal determinants of samango monkey (Cercopithecus mitis erythrarchus) resource acquisition and predation avoidance behaviour. PhD Thesis, Durham University. AbstractPDF.
  • De-raad, L.A. (2012) Travel routes and spatial abilities in wild chacma baboons (Papio ursinus). PhD Thesis, Durham University. AbstractPDF.
  • Chase Grey, J.N. (2011) Leopard population dynamics, trophy hunting and conservation in the Soutpansberg Mountains, South Africa. PhD Thesis, Durham University. AbstractPDF
  • Howlett, C. (2013) The 2D:4D ratio & social behaviour in female chacma baboons. MSc Thesis, Durham University.
  • Sassoon, R. (2013) Foraging under predation risk: A test of giving-up densities with samango monkeys in South Africa. MSc Thesis, Durham University.


  • O’Connell, A.F., Nichols, J.D. and Karanth, K.U. (eds) (2011) Camera traps in animal ecology: methods and analyses. Tokyo: Springer.
  • Kruuk, H. (2002) Hunter and hunted: relationships between carnivores and people. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Stuart, C. and Stuart, T. (2000) Field guide to mammals of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers.
  • Stuart, C. and Stuart, T. (2000) Field guide to tracks and signs of Southern and East African wildlife. Cape Town: Struik Publishers.
  • Estes, R. (1991) The behaviour guide to African mammals. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.